Aqui, antigamente o índio atravessava o rio

Aqui, antigamente o índio atravessava o rio por cima das pedras, a nado, ou amarrava uns paus fazendo uma balsa, até que em 1671 começou a chegar o pessoal de fora atrás do ouro. Aqueles exploradores não vinham fazer o bem. Vieram buscar o que não era deles. Eles começaram a se apossar das terras indígenas, que não compraram de ninguém. Os índios viviam principalmente da pesca, caça e mel de abelha. Suas armas eram o takapi (lança de pau), arco e flecha e com elas dava para sobreviver muito bem, mas não dava para se defender dos europeus. Os índios pegavam um animal, iniciavam o fogo com pedras ou com paus e sem sal, sem tempero, eles comiam.

Faziam seus cachimbos de barro queimado. Quando um índio estava com sede, ele descobria onde cavar e achar água. Os índios sabiam tudo, descobriam tudo com facilidade, sabiam onde tinha ouro e prata. Os portugueses queriam levar tudo de graça e para isso matavam.

Subiu um frei Bernardo, que vinha da aldeia de Rodelas (Tuxá, Bahia), mas o primeiro padre a instalar-se por aqui foi Martinho de Nantes, em 1671. Fizeram uma igreja de taipa. Parece que a data em que os jesuítas chegaram aqui oficialmente foi 14 de junho, em Portugal, esse é o dia de Santo Antônio, por isso eles batizaram aqui de Santo Antônio, depois passaram a data para 6 de janeiro, para fazer uma comemoração só, junto com a festa dos Reis Magos.

Trouxeram os negros da África amarrados pelo pescoço, como se fossem animais. Aqui eram vendidos para os fazendeiros. Escravizados comiam as migalhas que o patrão deixava. Se um negro fugia era perseguido, recapturado e castigado com chicotadas. Já o índio ou fugia ou morria.

Aqui, antigamente era só um povo, mas, em 1785, eles dividiram a região que era chamada de Pambu. Lá passou a chamar-se Ilha de Assunção (Pernambuco, aldeia Truká), mais por aí Ilha da Vila, São Félix, Santa Maria… eles procuravam as ilhas porque eram boas para pescar e porque tinham água para beber. Depois vieram derrubar as árvores para dar de comer ao gado que traziam. A família D´Ávila foi dos fazendeiros mais poderosos que já teve por aqui.

Pambu já foi comarca, foi a sede do município, tinha câmara de vereadores, tinha juiz. De 1834 a 1854 teve todo o poder jurídico e municipal.

Hoje nós somos escravizados pelos políticos. Hoje o Governo diz assim: quem não sabe ler não se emprega. Mas os que têm instrução, os que estudam, estão escravizando o Brasil. Eles sabem três ou quatro idiomas, mas é só para negociar com outros países, para vender o Brasil. Eles vendem a nós, brasileiros, e vão engordando.

Antigamente os índios viviam como no Paraíso: nus. Mas hoje, por causa da civilidade, quem estiver mal vestido todo mundo está vendo. Antes viviam livres e à vontade, hoje, para qualquer coisa que a pessoa faz tem outro dando opinião, discriminando. O pessoal fica olhando o defeito do outro.

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29 COMENTÁRIOS

  1. foi muito bom eu ter pesquisado este texto porque é um texto que retrata sobre a diferença de como os indios vivem hoje, e de como eles vivem atualmente, e é bom nós percbemos esta mudamça,pois vemos como os indios estao vivendo atualmente deixando a sua cultura de lado, entao temos que sempre saber um pouco da cultura de cada um principalmente dos indios que deixaram a sua cultura de lado para viver a nossa, entao temos que saber um pouco da cultura deles tambem mas isso n significa que temos que deixar a nossa cultura para viver a deles so temos que saber um pouco da cultura deles.

  2. EU ACHEI ORRIVEL SÓ DIZ DE ANTIGAMENTE E DE COMO OS INDIOS VIVEM HOJE NÃO FALA, EU ACHO QUE PODE FICAR MUITO MELHOR SE VOCÊ[S] COLOCASSE[M] SOBRE OS INDIOS DE HOJE E DE ANTIGAMENTE ME RESPONDE SE TIVER CORAGEM…

    BEATRIZ

  3. EU ACHEI HORRIVEL SÓ DIZ DE ANTIGAMENTE E DE COMO OS INDIOS VIVEM HOJE NÃO FALA, EU ACHO QUE PODE FICAR MUITO MELHOR SE VOCÊ[S] COLOCASSE[M] SOBRE OS INDIOS DE HOJE E DE ANTIGAMENTE
    BEATRIZ

  4. URGENTE!!!!! olá preciso saber o que os índios comiam.Tenho um trabalho para fazer e preciso da ajuda de vocês desde já.

    AGRADEÇO A COLABORAÇÃO
    BEIJOS SHIRLEY

  5. URGENTE!!!! olá eu quero saber oque os índios comiam.Tenho que fazer um trabalho e preciso da ajuda de vocês.
    OBRIGADA PELA COLABORAÇÃO
    BEIJOS
    shirley

  6. EU GOSTEI MUITO DO CONTEXTO, USEI ATÉ PARA UMA PESQUISA DE ESCOLA, MAS ACHEI RUIM NÃO TER COMO OS ÍNDIOS VIVEM NOS DIAS DE HOJE. VOCÊ[S] PODIAM POR E TAMBÉM OS COSTUMES DOS INDIGÉNAS. ESSE TEXTO ESTÁ ÓTIMO!!!
    BEIJOS
    JOELMA
    05.05.07 15:29
    CONTATOS:
    ORKUT, JOELMA OLIVEIRA.

  7. eu achei o site ótimo!!
    e vou utilizar algumas coisas para o meu trabalho de amanhã!!
    concordo com outras pessoas!!
    vocês deveriam colocar como os índios vivem hoje!!
    beijinho!!

  8. eu acho isso tudo uma merda uma putaria vao c fude pq eu so home de mais

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  9. eu acho isso tudo uma merda uma putaria vao c fude pq eu so home de mais

    eu gozo sempre q eu t como todo santo dia uma maconha e bm ate pedra cocaina
    vãom cfude bando de fdp peguenm no meu kraio!!!!

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  10. vcs tem que colocar como eles vivião antigamente e como eles vivem hojé não outra coisa isso é tarefa que a professora falou:
    -eu quro de tarefa que vcs alunos pesquisem como vivião os indigenas e como eles vivem agora!!!essa tarefa é para hojé.

  11. yusbnfbymnwicnfhe cvc wb yqc cyag cu
    shdqtw6g yhdhfg
    vai te ………………
    hjfgweifgv bv e2gc v4bn 2uebn d rg2ib v utr

  12. nshsdnsddsbjdjfdfddudkfhidghugjfhfbfghvjfhjfyjghujkgfiugfdyfgyudtsduddyfurfittiu6ruktryh8hijóuw85865958/886555589578/*-6/+15i1525+98+4474.556522556555965ltroydfh8reg5g9g2gg5fd9hf9hjtkru*ku7/uk7uk*y97yhgyf*7ygy7y8fi

  13. eu gostei muito,ajudou muito no meu trabalho,obrigada por ter feito essa pagina, vou colokar no meu trabalho
    obrigada***
    bjssss****

  14. vcs sao um bando de idiotas que fica mandando comentarios
    nogentos ficam puxando saco desses idiotas
    que publica essaspaginas e querem saber do que
    eu acho dos índios vão todos a puta que pariu
    bjs…………………………………………….
    ………………………….
    …………………………………..
    ……………………………….

  15. Eu acho isso uma idiotissi pois se fosse com eles eles ñ gostariam eu quero que esse mundo melhore se ñ eu acho que o mundo vai kair ok.
    Eu sou tatara neta de uma índia.

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